Steel as a resource
Steel in the future
According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), demand for steel will increase by around one third by 2050. According to analyses, the decisions made today for future steel production will determine whether or not the goals of the Paris climate agreement can be achieved.
Electricity to steel
A sustainable power supply requires the transition to a full supply of
renewable energies. A full supply of electricity from renewable energies is technically possible by 2050!
Stahlo obtains 100% green electricity from hydropower at all three locations. In addition, Stahlo produces and supplies green electricity with its own PV plant in Gera.
Hydrogen to steel
Small but mighty!
Hydrogen (H2) is the smallest of all molecules and is considered an important pillar of the energy transition. This element is expected to significantly reduce and even replace the use of coal, crude oil and natural gas in the future.
Scrap to steel
Use of steel scrap saves significant CO2
The use of electric steel mills to process steel scrap is a proven method of decarbonizing steel production. However, the demand for steel significantly exceeds the available quantities of scrap.
At its sites, Stahlo sorts scrap according to material groups, dimensions and manganese content. As a result, Stahlo's scrap is of high quality and can be recycled directly.
Key elements of the transformation
For successful industrial decarbonization, three elements must be successfully regulated by policymakers at the national and European levels:
- A reinforced carbon leakage protection,
- A faster access to alternative energies,
- Higher financial support!
A short history of climate protection: from Kyoto 2015 to the European Green Deal 2050
European Green Deal: Climate neutrality by 2050
Greenhouse gas emissions: Germany to become climate neutral by 2045
Fit-For-55: The EU climate targets
Climate Protection Act 2021: The generational contract for Germany
April 20, 2021: European climate law comes into force
CO2 border adjustment mechanism: introduction in the EU
Green deal: anchor climate neutrality target in law from 2050 onwards
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Special Report 1.5°C Global Warming
On December 12, 2015, history was made: The Paris Agreement
The climate protection instrument: introduction of the EU Emissions Trading System
Framework Convention on Climate Change: The Adoption of the Kyoto Protocol
Route 1 - Blast furnace
Around 70% of crude steel is still produced using coke. However, this form of extraction is increasingly viewed critically.
Route 2 - Arc furnace
The electric steel route describes production in the electric arc furnace. This route is often seen as a bridging technology for green steel.
New - Green steel
Fossil-free green steel is decarbonized steel. CO 2 is either completely avoided or captured and converted or stored.